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Last updated: 2007-04-05

Compiled and written by Philbert Ono

What's this? List of photography-related words in English and Japanese. The Main List has 1100+ words (click on the alphabet links). Many of the words are also categorized in separate lists (General, Camera, etc.). Meanwhile, the J-E List is a separate Japanese-to-English list of essential words not included in the Main List. And Signs is a photo gallery of Japanese signs explained in English.

Note: If the Japanese term contains an English word, the English word is spelled in normal English in the romanization. This is for easier recognition and maybe easier pronunciation and understanding. If the Japanese term is identical to the Engiish, a left arrow <- is displayed (you still have to pronounce it in the Japanese katakana way). Macrons are provided to indicate long vowel sounds. Credits here.

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Lens Words
ENGLISH
ROMANIZATION
JAPANESE
REMARKS
AF (autofocus)  lens <- AFレンズ
aspherical lens hikyūmen lens 非球面レンズ
astigmatism hiten shūsa 非点収差
attach (a lens) toritsukeru 取り付ける
back focal distance bakku focus バックフォーカス
boke/bokeh boke-aji ボケ味 One of the rare Japanese words to be incorporated in the English language. It refers to the way the lens renders out-of-focus points of light. Depending on the lens aberrations and shape of the lens diaphragm, the out-of-focus quality looks different.
camera lens <- カメラレンズ
chromatic aberration iro shūsa 色収差
condensation (of lens) gyōketsu 凝結
curvilinear distortion fuseikyoku shūsa 不正曲収差
detach (a lens) tori-hazusu 取り外す
diffraction kaisetsu 回折
distortion (lens aberration) <-, waikyoku shūsa ディストーション、歪曲収差
fish-eye lens gyōgan lens 魚眼レンズ See also Lens types.
flare <- フレア
fluorite lens hotaru ishi lens 蛍石レンズ
focal length (lens) shōten kyori 焦点距離
front lens element mae-dama 前玉
fungus/mold kabi カビ "Kabi" means both fungus and mold.
halation <- ハレーション
image circle <- イメージサークル
Image Stabilizer (IS) tebure hosei kikō 手ブレ補正機構 Canon terminology. Nikon calls it vibration reduction (VR). Others might call it "anti-shake."
infinity (focus) mugen-en 無限遠
interchangeable lens kōkan lens 交換レンズ
internal/inner focusing <-, inner focus インターナル/インナーフォーカス Canon calls it inner focusing.
lens <- レンズ
lens aberration shūsa 収差
lens barrel kyōdō 鏡筒
lens cap <- レンズキャップ
lens cleaner <- レンズクリーナー 
lens construction
Ex.: 17 elements in 13 groups
lens kōsei
Ex.: 13-gun/17-mai
レンズ構成
Ex.: 13群17枚
The Japanese reverses the groups/elements order.
lens element tama
lens focal length See focal length.
lens hood <- レンズフード
lens mount <- レンズマウント
Lens types
a. fish-eye lens
b. wide-angle lens
c. normal lens
d. telephoto lens
e. super telephoto lens
f. zoom lens
g. single focal-length lens
h. AF lens
i. MF lens
j. aspherical lens
k. interchangeable lens
l. tilt-and-shift lens
Lens no shurui
a. gyōgan lens
b. kōkaku lens
c. hyōjun lens
d. bōen lens
e. chō-bōen lens
f. <-
g. tan-shōten lens
h. <-
i. <-
j. hikyūmen lens
k. kōkan lens
l. TS lens
レンズの種類Compiled by Philbert Ono at photojpn.orgCompiled by Philbert Ono at photojpn.org.シュルイ
a. 魚眼レンズ
b. 広角レンズ
c. 標準レンズ
d. 望遠レンズ
e. 超Compiled by Philbert Ono at photojpn.orgチョウオンパ望遠レンズ
f. ズームレンズ
g. 単焦点レンズ
h. AFレンズ
i. MFレンズ
j. 非球面レンズ
k. 交換レンズ
l. TSレンズ
If it's a zoom lens, just insert the word "zoom" in front of "lens." For example, for telephoto zoom lens: bōen zoom lens.
light falloff at edges shūhen kōryō ochi 周辺光量落ち
macro lens <- マクロレンズ
minimum focusing distance saitan satsuei kyori 最短撮影距離
mold See fungus.
normal lens (50mm) hyōjun lens 標準レンズ See also Lens types.
normal zoom lens hyōjun zoom lens 標準ズームレンズ
optical zoom
Ex.: 3x optical zoom
kōgaku zoom
Ex.: Sanbai kōgaku zoom
光学ズーム
Ex.: 3倍光学ズーム
optics kōgaku-kei 光学系
pan focus <- パンフォーカス
peripheral brightness shūhen shashin 周辺光量
prime lens jōyō lens 常用レンズ
refraction (of light) kussetsu 屈折
resolving power (of a lens) kaizō-ryoku 解像力
single focal length lens tan shōten lens 単焦点レンズ
spherical aberration kyūmen shūsa 球面収差
stray light meikō 迷光
super telephoto lens See Lens types.
telephoto lens See Lens types.
tripod collar (on lens) sankyaku-za 三脚座
ultra wide-angle lens chō-kōkaku lens 超広角レンズ See also Lens types.
ultrasonic motor (USM) chō-onpa motor 超音波モーター Canon terminology.
vignetting kerare けられ "Kerare" is also used to refer to the shadows created by the lens barrel obstructing part of the camera's built-in flash illumination.
white lenses 白玉 White lens barrels were first introduced by Canon to help make the lenses cooler under the sun.
wide-angle lens kōkaku lens 広角レンズ See also Lens types.
zoom lens <- ズームレンズ See also Lens types.

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N |  O |  P |  Q |  R |  S |  T |  U |  V |  W |  X |  Y |  Z 
  J-E List | Signs | General | Camera | Lens | Accessory | Digital | Supplies

  PhotoWords  Web 

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