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Last updated: 2005-06-18

Compiled and written by Philbert Ono

What's this? List of photography-related words in English and Japanese. The Main List has 1100+ words (click on the alphabet links). Many of the words are also categorized in separate lists (General, Camera, etc.). Meanwhile, the J-E List is a separate Japanese-to-English list of essential words not included in the Main List. And Signs is a photo gallery of Japanese signs explained in English.

Note: If the Japanese term contains an English word, the English word is spelled in normal English in the romanization. This is for easier recognition and maybe easier pronunciation and understanding. If the Japanese term is identical to the Engiish, a left arrow <- is displayed (you still have to pronounce it in the Japanese katakana way). Macrons are provided to indicate long vowel sounds. Credits here.

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ENGLISH
ROMANIZATION
JAPANESE
REMARKS
daguerreotype <-, ginpan shashin ダゲレオタイプ、銀板写真
dark kurai Compiled by Philbert Ono at photojpn.org.クラ
darkroom anshitsu 暗室
darkroom equipment anshitsu yōhin 暗室Compiled by Philbert Ono at photojpn.org.アンシツ用品ヨウヒン
data <- データ
date (year, month, day) nengappi 年月日
date when product will go on sale hatsubai-bi 発売日
date/time hizuke/jikoku 日付Compiled by Philbert Ono at photojpn.org.ヒヅケ/時刻ジコク
daylight taiyō-kō 太陽光 sun: taiyō太陽タイヨウ
decisive moment, the kettei-teki shunkan 決定的瞬間 As coined by Henri Cartier-Bresson.
dedicated flash unit senyō strobo 専用Compiled by Philbert Ono at photojpn.org.センヨウストロボ Often called "Speedlite."
default setting hyōujun settei, shoki settei 標準設定、初期Compiled by Philbert Ono at photojpn.org.ショキ設定セッテイ
degradation (of image quality) rekka 劣化Compiled by Philbert Ono at photojpn.org.レッカ Caused by lossy compression and editing. Very common term in digital photography.
depth of field hishakai shindo 被写界深度
depth-of-field preview button shibori-komi button 絞り込みボタン
detach (a lens) tori-hazusu Compiled by Philbert Ono at photojpn.org.トり外ハズ
developer (chemical) genzō-eki 現像液
developer tray batto バット From "vat." They don't say "tray."
developing tank (for film) genzō tank 現像タンク Stainless steel developing tank: Stainless genzō tank
diffraction kaisetsu 回折Compiled by Philbert Ono at photojpn.org.カイセツ
diffuser <- ディフューザー
digital camera deji-kame, <- デジカメ、デジタルカメラ Most commonly called "digicam."
digital imaging services digital nyushutsu-ryoku デジタル入出Compiled by Philbert Ono at photojpn.org.ニュウシュツチカラサービス
digital photo/photography digital shashin デジタル写真
digital SLR camera D-SLR, digital ichigan-refu camera D-SLR, デジタル一眼レフカメラ
digital zoom <- デジタルズーム Image is zoomed electronically, not optically. See also optical zoom.
dimensions (size) gaikei sunpō 外形Compiled by Philbert Ono at photojpn.org.ガイケイ寸法スンポウ Width: haba, length: nagasa, depth: okuyuki, height: takasa
diopter shido 視度、ディオプター
dioptric correction/adjustment shido chōsei 視度Compiled by Philbert Ono at photojpn.org.シド調整チョウセイ
direct print  <- ダイレクトプリント This term can either refer to a direct print made from a slide or to direct printing with a digital camera connected directly to the printer without a personal computer.
discounted price waribiki nedan 割り引き値段
dispersion (of light) bunsan 分散Compiled by Philbert Ono at photojpn.org.ブンサン
display (an image) hyōji suru 表示する See also show a photo.
display panel hyōji panel 表示Compiled by Philbert Ono at photojpn.org.ヒョウジパネル Usually on the camera top to display shooting information.
display screen gamen 画面 This can also refer to the content (menus, histogram, shooting info, etc.) of what is displayed on the monitor.
disposable camera See single-use camera. In Japan, "single-use camera" or "film with lens" is the preferred term among the manufacturers since the cameras are actually recycled.
distortion (lens aberration) waikyoku shūsa ディストーション、歪曲収差
documentary photography documentary shashin ドキュメンタリー写真
dodging (an image on a print) ooi-yaki おおい焼き
double exposure nijū roshutsu 二重露出
download <- ダウンロード
driver's license ID photo unten menkyosho shashin 運転免許証の写真
dry cabinet/box (to prevent fungus) bōshitsu-ko 防湿庫 The Japanese term literally means "humdity-proof cabinet."
dry mount <- ドライマウント
dry plate kanpan 乾板Compiled by Philbert Ono at photojpn.org.カンパン Vintage photos.
duplicate (of original slide/neg) dupe デュープ
dust hokori ほこり
dust spots hokori, gomi ほこり、ゴミ
dye-based ink senryō ink 染料Compiled by Philbert Ono at photojpn.org.センリョウインク For inkjet printing, this type of ink is much more prone to fading over time. See also pigment ink.
dynamic range <- ダイナミックレンジ

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N |  O |  P |  Q |  R |  S |  T |  U |  V |  W |  X |  Y |  Z 
  J-E List | Signs | General | Camera | Lens | Accessory | Digital | Supplies

  PhotoWords  Web 

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Transmitting from Tokyo, Japan.