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Last updated: 2005-06-18

Compiled and written by Philbert Ono

What's this? List of photography-related words in English and Japanese. The Main List has 1100+ words (click on the alphabet links). Many of the words are also categorized in separate lists (General, Camera, etc.). Meanwhile, the J-E List is a separate Japanese-to-English list of essential words not included in the Main List. And Signs is a photo gallery of Japanese signs explained in English.

Note: If the Japanese term contains an English word, the English word is spelled in normal English in the romanization. This is for easier recognition and maybe easier pronunciation and understanding. If the Japanese term is identical to the Engiish, a left arrow <- is displayed (you still have to pronounce it in the Japanese katakana way). Macrons are provided to indicate long vowel sounds. Credits here.

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ENGLISH
ROMANIZATION
JAPANESE
REMARKS
16.7 million colors senroppyaku-nanajūman kaichō 1670万階調 Kaichō actually means gradations.
2 1/4 inch (square) See 6x6 cm.  
24-exposure film nijūyon-mai tori film 24枚撮りフィルム
256 colors nihyaku-gojūroku kaichō 256階調
35mm film sanjū-go miri film 35mmフィルム、135フィルム Also see Film formats.
35mm format equivalent (focal length) sanjū-go miri format kansan 35mmフォーマット換算 Also called crop factor in English.
35mm-format camera See Camera types.
36-exposure film sanjūroku-mai tori film 36枚撮りフィルム
3D effect rittai-kan 立体感 Usually created with shadows.
4x5 in. shi-no-go シノゴ See also Film formats.
5x7 in. (130x180mm) dai-kyabine-ban 大キャビネ判 Also see Paper sizes.
6x4.5 cm format roku-yon-go, semi-ban 645(ロクヨンゴ)判、セミ判 See also Film formats.
6x6 cm format roku-roku 66(ロクロク)判 See also Film formats.
6x7 cm format roku-nana 67(ロクナナ)判 See also Film formats.
6x9 cm format roku-kyu 69(ロクキュー)判 See also Film formats.
8x10 in. film baiten, eight by ten バイテン、エイトバイテン See also Film formats.
8x10 in. print muttsu-giri 六つ切、六ッ切 Also see Paper sizes.
A4 size See Paper sizes.
accessory shoe <- アクセサリーシュー Some camera makers (like Canon) still call a hot shoe an accessory shoe. A hot shoe has flash-sync contacts whereas an accessory shoe does not.
accessory(ies) <- アクセサリー
actual size (as shown by a photo) tōbai shashin 等倍写真
A-DEP (automatic depth-of-field priority AE) jidō shindo yūsen AE 自動深度優先AE
advanced amateur photographer high amateur, ado amateur ハイアマチュア、アドアマ "Amateur" is usually abbreviated as "ama."
advertising photography kōkoku shashin 広告写真 See also Photographic fields.
AE lock <- AEロック
AEB (auto bracketing) <- オートブラケッティング
aerial photography kūchū shashin 空中写真 See also Photographic fields.
AF (autofocus) AF AF
AF (autofocus) lens <- AFレンズ
AF mode <- AFモード
AF-assist beam/light AF hojokō AF補助光 The Japanese term does not distinguish between a beam, light, or small flashes. If you're translating this into English, you will have to find out which.
albumen paper keiranshi 鶏卵紙、アルビュメンプリント Vintage photos.
aliasing giza-giza, jaggy ギザギザ、ジャギー Jaggies.
alpine photography sangaku shashin 山岳写真 See also Photographic fields.
amateur photographer amateur, ama アマチュア、アマ Often abbreviated as "ama."
amber <- アンバー
ambient/existing light teijōkō 定常光
ambrotype <- アンブロタイプ、ガラス板写真 Vintage photos.
amount of light kōryō 光量
angle of view gakaku 画角 Usually expressed as the lens focal length.
animals See Photographic subjects (Nature).
antique camera See classic camera.
aperture shibori 絞り Maximum aperture: kaiho shibori 開放絞り
aperture-priority AE shibori-yūsen AE 絞り優先AE
appear in the photo shashin ni utsuru 写真に写る
approximately

yaku ̄

約〜 Commonly used in front of a numerical specification.
APS film <- APSフィルム

APS-C size

film sizes

<- APS-Cサイズ、アーピーエス シーサイズ One of the three picture sizes provided by APS film. The C (Classic) size measures 16.7 x 25 mm with an aspect ratio of 2:3 which is similar to 35mm film. Many D-SLRs have an imaging sensor close to the APS-C size and thus are called "APS-C-size sensors" in Japan.
architectural photography kenchiku shashin 建築写真 See also Photographic fields.
archival storage eikyū hozon 永久保存
art museum bijutsu-kan 美術館  
artificial light jinkō-kō 人工光
aspect ratio aspect-hi アスペクト比
aspherical lens hikyūmen lens 非球面レンズ
assistant (to photographer) ashi, assistant アシ、アシスタント
astigmatism hiten shūsa 非点収差
astrophotography tentai shashin 天体写真 See also Photographic fields.
attach (a lens) tori-tsukeru 取り付ける
auto bracketing AEB オートブラケッティング
auto white balance <- オートホワイトバランス
autoflash metering jidō chōkō 自動調光
autofocus <- オートフォーカス
autofocus camera <- AFカメラ
autographed picture sign-iri shashin サイン入り写真
automatic exposure/autoexposure AE, jidō roshutsu AE, 自動露出
Av aperture-priority AE Av Abbreviation for "Aperture value." Commonly used on camera dials, especially Canon. Nikon just uses "A."

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  J-E List | Signs | General | Camera | Lens | Accessory | Digital | Supplies

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